Alexandria - Egitalloyd Travel Egypt Alexandria
We are looking forward to coming back someday, and maybe swim in Sharm El Sheikh. Our friends are envious of our trip

Sylvia Andres
Alexandria

“Ancient Queen of the Mediterranean,” Alexandria is Egypt’s second largest city and its chief port. When Alexander the Great conquered Egypt in 332 BC, he founded a city on the site of the tiny fishing village of Rakotis, facing the rocky island of Pharos, to serve as his capital. Alexandria is 110 miles northwest of Cairo, on the Mediterranean. Its excellent beaches, comfortable seaside climate, and lively atmosphere have made it a popular summer resort.

As the capital of Egyp...

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Alexandria
“Ancient Queen of the Mediterranean,” Alexandria is Egypt’s second largest city and its chief port. When Alexander the Great conquered Egypt in 332 BC, he founded a city on the site of the tiny fishing village of Rakotis, facing the rocky island of Pharos, to serve as his capital. Alexandria is 110 miles northwest of Cairo, on the Mediterranean. Its excellent beaches, comfortable seaside climate, and lively atmosphere have made it a popular summer resort.

As the capital of Egypt under the Ptolemies and the Romans, Alexandria rose to prominence as the cultural and commercial center of the ancient Mediterranean world. City and port in northern Egypt with about 4.0 million inhabitants (2005 estimate), situated on the Mediterranean Sea, 2 kilometres from the inland Lake Mariout.

Ancient Alexandria's heydays stretch over a period of about 1,000 years, while the period of decline of its importance covers centuries. During the city's three earliest centuries, it was perhaps the leading cultural centre of the world, housing people of different religions and philosophical orientations. Alexandria was famous for the extensive library, which in the 3rd century BCE was said to contain 500,000 volumes. Additionally, Alexandria was renowned for the lighthouse of Pharos. Alexandria was the very first centre for Biblical studies, and it was here that the Old Testament assembled in a form very similar to its present one.

Even earlier than this, Alexandria was the seat of the formation of the important cult of Serapis, a synthesis of Greek and Egyptian mythology. Other sciences were practiced in Alexandria as well, and scholars like Euclid and Erasthosthenes worked here. With its architecture at that time, Alexandria could easily compete with Rome and Athens. Alexandria was also an important trading post between Europe and Asia, because it profited from the easy overland connection between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.
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